Fly Ash Concrete Mix Design And The Water-cement Ratio Law

Modified water–cement ratio law for silica fume concretes

Analyzing the test results of previous researchers, Oluokun has proposed an augmented water–cementitious material ratio law for the design of concrete mixes with fly ash. Though both fly ash and silica fume are pozzolanic materials and are used in conjunction with cement in concrete, their reactivity and mode of action in strength development of concrete are quite different.

Uses, Benefits, and Drawbacks of Fly Ash in Construction

The rate of substitution—of fly ash for Portland cement—typically specified is 1 to 1 1/2 pounds of fly ash for 1 pound of cement. Accordingly, the amount of fine aggregate in the concrete mix must be reduced to accommodate the additional volume of the fly ash.

Correct Ratios for Concrete Mixes

in my mind im already thinking something Fly ash would be necessary to help increase strength but at the same time help mitigate the low water cement ratio necessary to achieve high strength. Crushed limestone with aggregate size > 8 mm. ... which has a chapter on concrete mix design (maybe there’s a copy in your school library?), high ...


develop 80% of its design strength in 7 days and 100% of its design strength in not more than 28 days, (Concrete containing fly ash is 56 days). This measurement tells us that the cement used in mixing the concrete has for the most part completed the hydration process, although, hydration will continue for years to a lesser degree.

Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Brick with Addition of Lime

In this paper, experimentally investigated the fly ash brick mix proportions by Taguchi method. Least quantity of cement and fly ash has been used as binding materials and considered the control factor as water binder ratio. Both. So the effects of water/binder ratio, fly ash, coarse sand, and stone

Water to Cement Ratio | Relation | Graph

Aug 28, 2012 · If large size aggregates is used with low water to cement ratio and high contents of cement then it exhibit retrogression of the concrete strength. A conclusion can be made that if there is a low water to cement ratio in a fresh mix than after hardening, water/cement will not be able to lead higher strength of concrete.

Concrete mix design and Factors influencing mix design

Concrete mix design and Factors influencing mix design. The concrete mix design is a process of selecting suitable ingredients for concrete and determining their proportions which would produce, as economically as possible, a concrete that satisfies the job requirements, i.e. concrete having a certain minimum compressive strength, workability, and durability.. basic. The proportioning of concrete …


MODIFIED WATER-CEMENT RATIO LAW FOR COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF RICE HUSK ASH CONCRETE M. Abdullahi, et al Nigerian Journal of Technology Vol. 36, No. 2, April 2017 374 cement–water ratio [9]. In other words, the compressive strength increases with a decrease in water-cement ratio.

Concrete Mix Design for M40 grade

Dec 25, 2017 · Concrete mix Design for M40 Grade concrete with fly ash is as follows; OPC Cement 53 Grade – 400 Kg Fly ash – 80 Kg Water Cement ratio (w/c) – 0.32 Free Water – 153 liters 20mm Metal / Aggregates – 524 Kg 10mm Metal / Aggregates – 483 Kg Crush Sand – 980 Kg Admixture Dosage – 0.9 %...

CONCRETE Optimizing the Use of Fly Ash in Concrete

utilization of fly ash in concrete began (for example, USBR 1948) follow-ing the pioneering research conducted at the University of California, Berkeley (Davis 1937).The last 50 years has seen the use of fly ash in concrete grow dramatically with close to 15 million tons used in con-crete, concrete products and grouts in the U.S. in 2005 (ACAA ...

Modified water–cement ratio law for silica fume

Mar 01, 2003 · Modified water–cement ratio law for silica fume concretes Modified water–cement ratio law for silica fume concretes Bhanja, S.; Sengupta, B. 2003-03-01 00:00:00 The application of condensed silica fume as a mineral admixture in concrete is almost a routine one nowadays for the production of tailor-made high-performance concretes.

Concrete Mix Design with Portland Pozzolana Cements

The basic principle which is generally used for mix design for proportioning mixes is Abram's law for strength development. According to this law, for any given conditions of test the strength of workable concrete mix is dependant only on the water-cement ratio. Lesser the water-cement ratio in a workable mix greater will be its strength.

Concrete Mix Design Using DoE Method

4.2. One of the requirements of the design mix stated that the mix will use ordinary Portland cement, with crushed aggregate, therefore, the 28-day strength value of 49 N/mm 2 from the above table can be used to calculate the water / cement ratio: . 0.5 is used for the free-water/cement axis as this value is …


2014-04-07 · tive fine aggregate were used in all mixes. The mix design for the control concrete had a 0.45 water/ cement ratio and contained 330 kg/m3 of a 1% alkali cement. For each fly ash, 20% and 30% fly ash concretes were made in three ways: (1) by substitution for an equal mass of cement, (2) by substitution for an equal mass of sand, and (3) by sub-

How to calculate the quantity of water for a given concrete mix.?

Dec 10, 2018 · If we need to calculate Water quantity for concrete, first find the cement content for the volume. Therefore, Required amount of water = 0.5 X 50 kg = 25 litres / 50 kg cement bag. For Design mix, the W/C Ratio will depend upon the workability, strength requirements.


Abrams formulation of the water-cement ratio law in 1918 is still considered a milestone in the history of concrete technology. The concept of concrete making has undergone a paradigm shift since the formulation of Abrams law. Originally, concrete was made by mixing cement, aggregates and water and the use of admixtures was unknown.

Fly ash steel ball ratio

According to the standards a maximum water/cement ratio of 0.65 is allowed. This agrees with a water/cement ratio for fly ash concrete of 0.72 and a water/cement + fly ash ratio of 0.58. The difference in regression coefficients between reference and fly ash concrete causes the dependence of the k-value on the water/cement ratio.

Concrete Mix Design Calculations

Mix design with Cement & Fly Ash 133 lbs. fly ash 667 Total lbs. Cm = 20% ash It’s about volume! Note: lower water demand due to fly ash - for same slump Mix design with Cement & Fly Ash Proportion the mix to yield 27 ft3 … but how much sand, stone … what ratio? Sand / Aggregate ratio is by volume It’s about volume!

Efficiency Concepts and Models that Evaluates the Strength of

Astm C618-17a, Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete, 2017. doi:10.1520/C0618. ASTM C 311-04, “Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for Use in Portland-Cement Concrete.”


2.1.1 Concrete making constituents and admixture. a] Effect of cement and water/cement ratio. The properties of cement which effect the permeability of concrete are its fineness, porosity, degree of hydration and quantity of cement used. For a given w/c raio, higher and finer the cement content lesser is the permeability.

What is Water Cement or Cement Water Ratio? – Guide

6/29/2019 · The water–cement ratio is the ratio of the weight of water to the weight of cement used in a concrete mix. A slight change in the amount of water causes much more differences in the strength of concrete. If less water is used, the resultant concrete will be nearly dry, hard to place in the form and may create difficulties in compaction.

What is Water Cement Ratio?

Dec 04, 2019 · Water is an important ingredient of a concrete mix and water cement ratio is an important factor in concrete or cement mix design. While working at site, concrete workers always try to add water in it so as to increase the workability of concrete but actually they are reducing the strength and durability of concrete.

Chapter 19: Concrete mix design methods

Mix design for high-strength concrete containing pulverised fuel ash (or fly ash) The fly ash content in a mix normally varies between 15% and 35% by mass of cementitious material. There are two types of fly ash available, i.e. Class F and Class C. Class C fly ash has high rate of hydration at early age compared to Class F fly ash.

Strength evaluation of concrete with fly ash and GGBFS as

Abstract. Concrete is the most widely used material of construction. Concrete gained the popularity as a construction material due to the easy availability of its component materials, the easy formability, strength and rigidity upon setting and curing.In construction industry, strength is the primary criterion in selecting a concrete for a particular application.

What are the disadvantages and advantages of fly ash in concrete

01-09-2017 · Fly ash is binding material. It is used in combination with cement in the design mix concrete . Advantages are: It's actually a green concept. It's is formed as a waste by burning coal in thermal coal plants. It quantity is so huge that it forms h...

Concrete Mix Design with Fly Ash and Superplasticizer

The 90 days strength of fly ash concrete may be more than 140% of plain concrete. The cost of fly ash is negligible. Therefore the use of fly ash in structural concrete may bring a substantial saving in cement consumption and over all cost of concrete production. The fly ash is an industrial waste and great hazard for our environment.

Concrete Mix Design for M10 grade

Dec 23, 2017 · Concrete mix Design for M10 Grade concrete with fly ash is as follows; OPC Cement 53 Grade – 176 Kg Fly ash – 44 Kg Water Cement ratio (w/c) – 0.6 Free Water – 132 liters 20mm Metal / Aggregates – 653 Kg 10mm Metal / Aggregates – 537 Kg Crush Sand – 1047 Kg Admixture Dosage – 0.6% Admixture – 1.32 Kg Density of Concrete – 2590 Kg/cum The complete mix design file is attached ...

Concrete Mix Proportioning | Free Civilengineering subject

Oct 29, 2017 · The additions such as fly ash or ground granulated blast furnace slag may be taken into account in the concrete composition with respect to the cement conent and water-cement ratio if the suitability is established and as long as the maximum amounts taken into account do not exceed the limit of pozzolona and slag specified in IS 1489 (Part I ...

Mix Design of Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Concrete

Abstract. Geopolymer is a new development in the world of concrete in which cement is totally replaced by pozzolanic materials like fly ash and activated by highly alkaline solutions to act as a binder in the concrete mix.

PAPER OPEN ACCESS Effect of Freezing and Thawing on Chloride

Many evaluation indexes of concrete are related to the water cement ratio. Whether the design of water cement ratio is reasonable or not will directly affect the quality of the test results. It should be verified in a strict sense in accordance with the steps of mix proportion design. Under the same conditions of production and standard curing ...

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